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OP-ED | Health Insurers ‘May Go The Way Of Blockbuster’

by | May 4, 2015 1:07pm () Comments | Commenting has expired | Share
Posted to: Analysis, Business, The Economy, Health Care, Opinion, Health Care Opinion, Reprinted with permission from the Center for Public Integrity

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Steven Brill Believes Insurance Firms Are Simply Getting In The Way Of Cost Control

Remember Blockbuster?

In its heyday — which wasn’t so long ago — Blockbuster had 60,000 employees and 9,000 locations. For most Americans, for a minute anyway, it was the place to rent a movie. Then along came Netflix. And Redbox, which operates most of the movie-rental kiosks in convenience and grocery stores.

Before you knew it, Blockbuster was no longer a necessity. All of a sudden, it seemed, we could get the video entertainment we wanted faster and cheaper and, at least with Netflix, without having to leave the comfort of our homes. In 2010, Blockbuster filed for bankruptcy, just 25 years after it was founded. By last year, the last of those 9,000 stores had closed.

What will be the next Blockbuster? It very well might be your health insurance company, says Steven Brill, the entrepreneur and journalist whose 26,000-word Time magazine cover story about the absurdly high costs of American health care captured the nation’s attention two years ago.

“I see insurance companies as the weak players” in the U.S. health care system, Brill told me in a recent interview. By that he meant that insurers have become increasingly impotent middlemen in the battle to rein in health care costs.

“Aetna is Blockbuster,” Brill wrote in his latest book, America’s Bitter Pill: Money, Politics, Backroom Deals, and the Fight to Fix Our Broken Healthcare System.

He was quoting Ezekiel (Zeke) Emanuel, former health policy advisor in the Obama administration who is now a vice provost at the University of Pennsylvania.

Brill explained that what Emanuel meant “was that just as the video rental giant got overtaken by upheavals in how media is delivered, large insurers such as Aetna are going to be overtaken by changes in the structure and delivery of health care.”

As Brill notes, many of those changes were set in motion by the Affordable Care Act, which is making it necessary for doctors, hospitals and other health care providers to work together more collaboratively. Increasingly, Medicare and other payers are reimbursing health care providers based on how well they care for us rather than on how many separate, billable things they do to us.

As a consequence, hospitals are having to operate more efficiently, which is leading to a consolidation in the industry. There were 95 mergers just last year alone. That’s 44 percent more than in 2010, the year Congress passed health care reform.

The pace of consolidation among hospitals actually began to pick up in the years leading up to Obamacare. Hospitals started merging partly in response to rapid consolidation among health insurers. In 1985, the year Blockbuster was founded and the year I started my career in health care at a hospital in Tennessee, few people, including me, had ever heard of UnitedHealth. Today, as a result of a long string of acquisitions, UnitedHealth Group is the nation’s largest insurer and, according to Fortune, the 14th largest U.S. company of any kind.

Aetna, Cigna, Humana and WellPoint, the other big insurers, also bulked up through acquisitions. As they got bigger, they had more leverage with hospitals during annual negotiations that determined how much insurers would pay for medical services.

In self-defense, hospitals began to get bigger themselves. As a consequence, even UnitedHealth is now often forced to pay whatever the big hospital systems demand.

Not only have hospitals in many cases regained the upper hand during reimbursement negotiations, a growing number of them have started operating their own health plans.

“I think it’s inevitable that most hospitals and hospital-based health care system will be selling their own insurance,” Brill told me.

I agree. It’s a “back to the future” phenomenon. The forerunner of today’s Blue Cross companies started out as an insurance plan developed by Baylor Hospital in Dallas. And the hospital I worked for in Tennessee back in the ‘80s had its own HMO for a while. Many hospitals did. Most of them failed, however, because hospital executives didn’t know as much as they thought they did about running an insurance company. The hospitals that are getting back into the insurance business today seem confident they won’t repeat the mistakes of 30 years ago.

Consolidation among hospitals is creating oligopolies in many markets, but Brill doesn’t believe that’s necessarily bad, nor is he reflexively against hospitals becoming insurers. The disappearance of insurance companies — at least as we know them today — doesn’t worry him. For one thing, today’s health insurance company as middleman adds billions of dollars in administrative costs to the system that, theoretically, would go away when Aetna and the other firms go the way of Blockbuster.

The question becomes, ‘How well will these oligopolies be regulated?’” Brill says. “How will I know, for example, that they won’t skimp on my care?”

Hospitals will have to be regulated in ways they haven’t been regulated before, he says. There will need to be standard-of-care regulations. And limits on profit margins.

Brill believes that if those and other regulations can be put in place, quality of care will go up and costs will come down. If they aren’t, however, we may be worse off than we are now.

Former CIGNA executive-turned-whistleblower Wendell Potter is writing about the health care industry and the ongoing battle for health reform for the Center for Public Integrity.

DISCLAIMER: The views, opinions, positions, or strategies expressed by the author are theirs alone, and do not necessarily reflect the views, opinions, or positions of CTNewsJunkie.com.

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Comments

(9) Archived Comments

posted by: art vandelay | May 4, 2015  7:10pm

art vandelay

The Affordable Care Act’s intention is to destroy the private sector health care market.  It’s sole purpose is to transition our society into a single payer system.  It’s part of the progressives plot to transform this nation from a Republic to a Socialist nation.

posted by: Politijoe | May 4, 2015  10:18pm

Politijoe

@Art: seriously could your position be anymore steeped in conspricarciy, conjecture and fear?

The American healthcare system is the costliest in the world. Our fragmented, convoluted, out-of-pocket, employer-based, for-profit model costs more, delivers less and still doesn’t insure all it’s citizens. The ACA has for the first time transitioned our healthcare system to incentivize outcomes instead of billing for services, insured millions more and flattened costs. This is simply good fiscal policy. So tell me again about the evil socialist plot and please refrain from the tired clichés of Canadian and British healthcare.
The choice is to contribute to the conversation with intelligent thought or continue with the same old uninformed, dead-end thinking.

posted by: art vandelay | May 5, 2015  7:33am

art vandelay

@Politijoe,
I’m not going to get into another government health care debate. Again I cannot comprehend how our society including yourself are willing to surrender all your liberties and freedoms to a large centralized federal government.  It’s been proven time after time that government is a total failure when it gets involved in activities best left to the private sector.  Social Security & the USPS are perfect examples of total failures.  Why should healthcare be any different.

posted by: sofaman | May 5, 2015  7:45am

Art’s a faithful guardian of “the old ways” so that post is nearly required. Say “Obamacare” and you can put serious money on betting the “S” word will appear in short order. All those Republicans who first proposed a single payer system in the 1990’s under the guise of “personal responsibility”. are simply jealous they could never get it done.
Even before this topic became so political, I wondered why all these insurance companies deserved such a big slice out of the overall healthcare pie? Turns out, they don’t.

posted by: bob8/57 | May 5, 2015  10:50am

bob8/57

Single payer is the way to go. Medicare/Medicaid add 3% to the cost of health care. Insurance companies add 30%.

posted by: DrHunterSThompson | May 5, 2015  12:32pm

Single payer system is a no brainer. Free medical weed!! Let’s make the change before it’s too late. The amount of $$ insurers have made off us is obscene.

HST

posted by: Bluecoat | May 5, 2015  1:22pm

“Many liberals in America dream about single-payer plans. Even if they acknowledge that a single-payer plan cannot be enacted, they still think it the best reform. Another proposal may be politically necessary to achieve universal coverage, but it would be a compromise, a fall-back. Single payer is the ideal. This is wrong. Even in theory, single payer is not the best reform option. Here’s the problem: while it proposes the most radical reform of the health care financing system, it is conservative, even nostalgic, when it comes to the broken delivery system. It retains and solidifies the nineteenth century, fragmented, fee-for-service delivery system that provides profligate and bad quality care.” The Problem with Single-Payer Plans,” Ezekiel Emmanuel Hastings Center Report 38, no. 1 (2008): 38-41.

Seems even the father of the crappy ACA was not in favor of single payer

posted by: Politijoe | May 5, 2015  6:19pm

Politijoe

@Art: as you can clearly see many Americans now understand this is not an ideological battle but simply sound fiscal policy. We already employ the model you most fear….Medicare and the VA. OVERWHELMINGLY the consumers of these healthcare systems recognize their importance and role in providing cost effective healthcare to those Americans who need it most. Therefore, the silly socialist argument, death panel warnings, job killer predictions and British/Canadian comparisons have been asked and answered. Absent the false patriotism and hollow ideology what is left is the best solution we have to an industry that is unsustainable, unfair and immoral.

Just out of curiosity, what is your age?

posted by: Politijoe | May 6, 2015  5:10am

Politijoe

@Bluecoat: It appears that you recognize we the problem when you stated “When it comes to the broken delivery system. It retains and solidifies the nineteenth century, fragmented, fee-for-service delivery system that provides profligate and bad quality care.”  I’ve been wanting to read Ezekiel Emmanuel’s thoughts on this.

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